Type 2 Medications

Type II diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. This condition affects how the body uses sugar. Sugar is essential for the normal function of cells. Normally, the body releases insulin to move sugar into the cells to be used as energy. 


In type II diabetes, the body does not produce enough insulin or the cells do not respond to the insulin leading to less intake of sugar into the cells. This leads to a build-up of sugar in the blood. Left unchecked, high blood sugar can lead to the development of serious problems like kidney and heart disease, as well as vision loss. Unfortunately, 20% of people with diabetes may never know they have it.

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Unintentional weight loss

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Frequent urination

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Unusual thirst

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Blurry vision

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Unusual hunger

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Darkened skin in the neck and armpit areas

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Tingling or numbness in the feet and hands

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Frequent viral or bacterial infections

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Slow healing of cuts and sores

It is important to note that not all people with type 2 diabetes will experience symptoms, and some may not experience symptoms until the condition has progressed.

It is recommended to check your blood sugar regularly to screen for type 2 diabetes. You may be at risk of developing diabetes if you have risk factors such as being overweight or having a family history of diabetes.

Type II diabetes is caused by insulin resistance. The cells in the body respond less and less to insulin which results in less sugar being taken into the cells. In turn, the blood sugar rises. In addition, the pancreas stops producing an adequate amount of insulin to keep the blood sugars within a normal range. 

Type II Diabetes is diagnosed by a simple blood test called a “hemoglobin A1C” or “A1C”. An A1C provides your doctor with your average blood sugar over the last 90 days. You do not need to fast for this blood test, and it can be checked at any time of the day. An A1C of 5.7% to 6.4% is considered pre-diabetic. An A1C of 6.5% or greater is considered diabetic. Your doctor will likely repeat your A1C every 3 to 6 months. 

Some patients can control their blood sugars with diet and exercise alone. 


Get Plenty of Physical Activity: For most patients, it is safe to aim for 150 minutes per week of exercise but speak with your provider first before starting a new program. Try starting with brief periods of 10-15 minutes. Pick an activity you enjoy such as swimming, weightlifting, biking, or dancing. Any activity is better than no activity. Exercise helps to lower your blood sugar by using requiring your muscles to use sugar as energy. 


Eat Healthy Foods: Prioritize complex carbohydrates over simple carbohydrates and gradually increase your fiber intake. Fiber slows your body's absorption of sugar and prevents blood sugar spikes. Women should aim for 25 grams of fiber while men should aim for 35 grams of fiber in their diet. If you can, try to meet with a dietician that specializes in diabetes. 


Lose Weight: One study found losing just 5% of your body weight lowered A1C levels and decreased the use of diabetes medications in patients with type II diabetes.

Living with type II diabetes is a lot of responsibility. It is essential to monitor your blood sugar daily, follow a healthy lifestyle and take your medications as prescribed. You will also need regular checkups with your PCP to monitor for conditions caused by type 2 diabetes such as kidney disease, vision changes, and neuropathy. 

Although type 2 diabetes cannot always be prevented, you can lower your risk by watching your weight, exercising, and following a healthy diet. 


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DPP-4 inhibitors

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GLP-1 receptor agonists

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SGLT2 inhibitors

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Type 2 diabetes has several commonly experienced symptoms, including increased hunger and thirst, frequent urination, blurry vision, fatigue, cuts and sores that heal slowly, and frequent viral or bacterial infections.

However, not all people with type 2 diabetes recognize or experience these symptoms. As a result, you’ll need to test your blood sugar levels and screen for diabetes with a medical professional to reach a definitive diagnosis.

Yes, you can get type 2 diabetes medication with an online prescription from a licensed healthcare provider. You can also refill your type 2 diabetes medication through CallonDoc.

Prescription medications should only be obtained with a valid prescription from a licensed healthcare provider or board-certified clinician. During your online consultation, a doctor for diabetes will review your medical history, discuss your symptoms, and determine the best treatment plan for you.

Medications prescribed for type 2 diabetes are based on individual factors such as medical history and symptoms. The following medications are typically prescribed for type 2 diabetes: