Ureaplasma is a type of common bacteria that is spread via unprotected sexual contact, but it is normally not classified as a sexually transmitted infection (STI) since it can also be shared without intercourse.

There are seven species of ureaplasma, but only two occur in human beings: ureaplasma urealyticum (U. urealyticum) and ureaplasma parvum (U. parvum). Treating ureaplasma is generally done with oral antibiotics.

Often, ureaplasma causes no symptoms or discomfort of any kind in people with a healthy immune system. However, ureaplasma does sometimes trigger uncomfortable symptoms and lead to serious health complications if left untreated. Its symptoms can be similar to those associated with sexually transmitted infections.

Individuals with a weakened immune system or an antibody deficiency are vulnerable to more serious complications, such as lung infection. If left untreated it can also spread to other parts of the body and damage joints, nerves and muscles causing meningitis or pneumonia. It is also believed that a ureaplasma infection can increase the likelihood of contracting STIs.

There is no vaccine for ureaplasma, but it can be treated with a course of antibiotics to kill the bacteria. The current ureaplasma antibiotics treatment regimen involves the use of doxycycline and/or azithromycin.

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Lower abdominal pains

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Inflammation in the urethra

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Pain during urination

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Burning sensation 

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Penile discharge

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Watery vaginal discharge  

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Redness or chronic inflammation around the area of infection

NOTE: Lab testing is NOT required prior to treatment if you have been exposed or are experiencing symptoms.

CallonDoc offers both at-home test kits and in-person lab testing. After treatment we recommend a test of cure 2-3 weeks after completing treatment to confirm clearing the infection.

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Yes, most patients respond rapidly to prescribed antibiotics for ureaplasma. Future infections are still possible, however.
If you have reason to believe that you had sexual contact with an individual who is likely to be infected, it may be a good idea to get a ureaplasma home test. Otherwise, routine testing of healthy, asymptomatic persons is generally not recommended.
The symptoms of a ureaplasma infection are often very similar to those of certain STIs, such as chlamydia and gonorrhea, which can complicate diagnostic efforts. Getting tested will help you pinpoint the specific cause of your symptoms.
Both species behave very similarly, although it is possible to identify which one is responsible for a ureaplasma infection. U. urealyticum is more likely to cause symptoms in infected individuals. Both species can cause complications in pregnant women.
Yes, it is important to avoid sexual contact until the infection clears up with antibiotics. Your doctor will advise you on when sexual activity can be safely resumed; generally, it takes around three weeks after the completed treatment of ureaplasma.
Possibly. Because ureaplasma most commonly spreads through sexual contact, it’s a good idea for your partner to get tested, even if they are not currently showing symptoms. However, they need to be tested individually. Do not allow them to use the ureaplasma medication that has been prescribed specifically for you.
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