Insomnia

Treatment

Insomnia is a very common sleep disorder characterized by difficulty falling asleep or remaining asleep. It is not considered a mental illness, but it can relate to your mental health and wellbeing. Many people have episodes of insomnia that last a few days. In any given year, as much as half of the population will experience disruptions to their sleep patterns due to this condition.

Insomnia, especially long-term chronic insomnia, is believed to be caused by stress, anxiety, depression, or other medical conditions. Individuals with current conditions that are the most common causes of insomnia are at an increased risk of developing serious medical conditions, such as coronary heart disease, high blood pressure, and diabetes.

Many people with chronic insomnia report feeling exhausted on a regular basis and experiencing an overall reduced quality of life. In some cases, the best treatment for insomnia is to take prescribed sleep medicine—not “sleeping pills”—under the direction of a doctor. Prescription medications commonly used in treating symptoms of insomnia include hydroxyzine (Vistaril) and trazodone (Desyrel).

Insomnia is a sleep disorder characterized by persistent difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep, or experiencing non-restorative sleep despite having the opportunity to sleep. Individuals with insomnia often report symptoms such as

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Persistent difficulty falling or staying asleep

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Waking too early in the morning

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Fatigue or low energy during the day

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Irritability or “brain fog”

The causes for insomnia vary from person to person, with the condition having both genetic and external causes. Most commonly, it often results from a combination of physical, psychological, and lifestyle influences. Some common causes of insomnia include:

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Stress and anxiety

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Chronic pain

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Allergies

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GERD

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Stimulants

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Decongestants

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Antidepressants

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Irregular sleeping habits or daytime napping

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Shift work and jet lag

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Psychological disorders

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Hormonal changes

Healthcare providers gather information on the patient's sleep habits, duration, and severity of symptoms, as well as any underlying medical conditions or medications that might contribute to insomnia. Due to there being no definitive test for an insomnia diagnosis, patients are often asked to maintain a sleep diary and may undergo interviews or complete standardized questionnaires to assess their sleep quality and daytime functioning. An insomnia diagnosis is generally made when specific criteria are met, including the presence of sleep difficulties at least three times a week for a duration of at least three months, along with significant daytime impairment. Further testing, such as sleep studies, may be recommended in some cases to rule out other sleep-related disorders. 

Insomnia treatment typically encompasses a multifaceted approach aimed at improving sleep quality and addressing underlying causes. Based upon the insomnia diagnoses, healthcare providers often begin with lifestyle and behavioral interventions while supporting the patient's adjustments with prescription or over-the-counter medications. Normally, medications provided will be on a short-term basis as they are meant to lead to a lifestyle that promotes healthy sleep. Stress management techniques and relaxation exercises can be incorporated, and alternative therapies may be explored. The effectiveness of treatment varies from person to person, with an emphasis on finding the most suitable combination of strategies to alleviate sleep disturbances and enhance overall well-being. 

CallonDoc offers a number of medications for insomnia treatment, with our most effective options including: 

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Trazodone

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Doxepin

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Hydroxyzine

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Ramelteon

DISCLAIMER: We do NOT prescribe controlled substances.

While there are a limited number of insomnia home remedies, they have been reported to help when used in conjunction with lifestyle habits directed towards getting a regular good night's rest. The most common and popular examples include: 

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Journaling your thoughts and keeping a to-do list

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Herbal teas like chamomile or valerian root

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Aromatherapy with lavender or other calming essential oils

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Progressive muscle relaxation

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Deep breathing

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Guided imagery

The ongoing management of insomnia will typically involve lifestyle changes meant to both support the medications taken for the condition and to serve as long-term habits that help you fall asleep without them. The most common and effective habits that benefit ongoing management include: 

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Maintaining a constant sleep schedule 

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Reducing day-to-day and long-term stress

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Maintaining a balanced diet

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Getting daily exercise hours before bedtime

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Creating an environment conducive to sleep

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Avoid screentime before bed

Preventing insomnia involves adopting proactive measures to maintain healthy sleep patterns and reduce the risk of developing sleep disturbances. This includes adhering to a regular sleep schedule, creating a comfortable sleep environment, and practicing relaxation techniques to manage stress. Avoiding excessive caffeine and alcohol intake, especially close to bedtime, as well as maintaining a balanced diet and an active lifestyle, can contribute to better sleep quality. Limiting screen time before bed and staying mindful of potential sleep disruptors in the bedroom environment, such as noise or light, are crucial for prevention. 

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Insomnia Overview

How It Works

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prescriptions delievered to your doorstep
Step 1
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Step 1
Answer questions about your health

Enter patient information and medical history as well as answer questions relating to your symptoms. This should only take about five or ten minutes.

online doctors review your treatment plan
Step 2
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Our providers will review your visit

Our board-certified medical providers will create a custom treatment plan based on your condition and medical history. You can follow your treatment status with our consultation tracker any time after your visit has been submitted, this is located in your patient dashboard.

answer questions about your symptoms
Step 3
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Step 3
Get Rx delivered to your pharmacy or doorstep

Pick up your prescription at your pharmacy of choice within 1-2 hours.  After you receive your treatment plan, connect with your pharmacy to see when they will have your Rx fulfilled. For some medications we offer home delivery options for your convenience.

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